Selling (Going Short) Tin Futures to Profit from a Fall in Tin Prices

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Contents

Selling (Going Short) Copper Futures to Profit from a Fall in Copper Prices

If you are bearish on copper, you can profit from a fall in copper price by taking up a short position in the copper futures market. You can do so by selling (shorting) one or more copper futures contracts at a futures exchange.

Example: Short Copper Futures Trade

You decide to go short one near-month LME Copper ‘A’ Grade Futures contract at the price of USD 3,171/ton. Since each Copper ‘A’ Grade futures contract represents 25 tonnes of copper, the value of the contract is USD 79,275. To enter the short futures position, you have to put up an initial margin of USD 15,000.

A week later, the price of copper falls and correspondingly, the price of LME Copper ‘A’ Grade futures drops to USD 2,854 per tonne. Each contract is now worth only USD 71,348. So by closing out your futures position now, you can exit your short position in Copper ‘A’ Grade Futures with a profit of USD 7,928.

Short Copper Futures Strategy: Sell HIGH, Buy LOW
SELL 25 tonnes of copper at USD 3,171/ton USD 79,275
BUY 25 tonnes of copper at USD 2,854/ton USD 71,348
Profit USD 7,928
Investment (Initial Margin) USD 15,000
Return on Investment 53%

Margin Requirements & Leverage

In the examples shown above, although copper prices have moved by only 10%, the ROI generated is 0%. This leverage is made possible by the relatively low margin (approximately 19%) required to control a large amount of copper represented by each contract.

Leverage is a double edged weapon. The above examples only depict positive scenarios whereby the market is favorable towards you. If the market turn against you, you will be required to top up your account to meet the margin requirements in order for your futures position to remain open.

Learn More About Copper Futures & Options Trading

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Buying Straddles into Earnings

Buying straddles is a great way to play earnings. Many a times, stock price gap up or down following the quarterly earnings report but often, the direction of the movement can be unpredictable. For instance, a sell off can occur even though the earnings report is good if investors had expected great results. [Read on. ]

Writing Puts to Purchase Stocks

If you are very bullish on a particular stock for the long term and is looking to purchase the stock but feels that it is slightly overvalued at the moment, then you may want to consider writing put options on the stock as a means to acquire it at a discount. [Read on. ]

What are Binary Options and How to Trade Them?

Also known as digital options, binary options belong to a special class of exotic options in which the option trader speculate purely on the direction of the underlying within a relatively short period of time. [Read on. ]

Investing in Growth Stocks using LEAPS® options

If you are investing the Peter Lynch style, trying to predict the next multi-bagger, then you would want to find out more about LEAPS® and why I consider them to be a great option for investing in the next Microsoft®. [Read on. ]

Effect of Dividends on Option Pricing

Cash dividends issued by stocks have big impact on their option prices. This is because the underlying stock price is expected to drop by the dividend amount on the ex-dividend date. [Read on. ]

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Bull Call Spread: An Alternative to the Covered Call

As an alternative to writing covered calls, one can enter a bull call spread for a similar profit potential but with significantly less capital requirement. In place of holding the underlying stock in the covered call strategy, the alternative. [Read on. ]

Dividend Capture using Covered Calls

Some stocks pay generous dividends every quarter. You qualify for the dividend if you are holding on the shares before the ex-dividend date. [Read on. ]

Leverage using Calls, Not Margin Calls

To achieve higher returns in the stock market, besides doing more homework on the companies you wish to buy, it is often necessary to take on higher risk. A most common way to do that is to buy stocks on margin. [Read on. ]

Day Trading using Options

Day trading options can be a successful, profitable strategy but there are a couple of things you need to know before you use start using options for day trading. [Read on. ]

What is the Put Call Ratio and How to Use It

Learn about the put call ratio, the way it is derived and how it can be used as a contrarian indicator. [Read on. ]

Understanding Put-Call Parity

Put-call parity is an important principle in options pricing first identified by Hans Stoll in his paper, The Relation Between Put and Call Prices, in 1969. It states that the premium of a call option implies a certain fair price for the corresponding put option having the same strike price and expiration date, and vice versa. [Read on. ]

Understanding the Greeks

In options trading, you may notice the use of certain greek alphabets like delta or gamma when describing risks associated with various positions. They are known as “the greeks”. [Read on. ]

Valuing Common Stock using Discounted Cash Flow Analysis

Since the value of stock options depends on the price of the underlying stock, it is useful to calculate the fair value of the stock by using a technique known as discounted cash flow. [Read on. ]

Selling (Going Short) Aluminum Futures to Profit from a Fall in Aluminum Prices

If you are bearish on aluminum, you can profit from a fall in aluminum price by taking up a short position in the aluminum futures market. You can do so by selling (shorting) one or more aluminum futures contracts at a futures exchange.

Example: Short Aluminum Futures Trade

You decide to go short one near-month LME Aluminum Futures contract at the price of USD 1,470/ton. Since each Aluminum futures contract represents 25 tonnes of aluminum, the value of the contract is USD 36,750. To enter the short futures position, you have to put up an initial margin of USD 4,375.

A week later, the price of aluminum falls and correspondingly, the price of LME Aluminum futures drops to USD 1,323 per tonne. Each contract is now worth only USD 33,075. So by closing out your futures position now, you can exit your short position in Aluminum Futures with a profit of USD 3,675.

Short Aluminum Futures Strategy: Sell HIGH, Buy LOW
SELL 25 tonnes of aluminum at USD 1,470/ton USD 36,750
BUY 25 tonnes of aluminum at USD 1,323/ton USD 33,075
Profit USD 3,675
Investment (Initial Margin) USD 4,375
Return on Investment 84%

Margin Requirements & Leverage

In the examples shown above, although aluminum prices have moved by only 10%, the ROI generated is 0%. This leverage is made possible by the relatively low margin (approximately 12%) required to control a large amount of aluminum represented by each contract.

Leverage is a double edged weapon. The above examples only depict positive scenarios whereby the market is favorable towards you. If the market turn against you, you will be required to top up your account to meet the margin requirements in order for your futures position to remain open.

Learn More About Aluminum Futures & Options Trading

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Continue Reading.

Buying Straddles into Earnings

Buying straddles is a great way to play earnings. Many a times, stock price gap up or down following the quarterly earnings report but often, the direction of the movement can be unpredictable. For instance, a sell off can occur even though the earnings report is good if investors had expected great results. [Read on. ]

Writing Puts to Purchase Stocks

If you are very bullish on a particular stock for the long term and is looking to purchase the stock but feels that it is slightly overvalued at the moment, then you may want to consider writing put options on the stock as a means to acquire it at a discount. [Read on. ]

What are Binary Options and How to Trade Them?

Also known as digital options, binary options belong to a special class of exotic options in which the option trader speculate purely on the direction of the underlying within a relatively short period of time. [Read on. ]

Investing in Growth Stocks using LEAPS® options

If you are investing the Peter Lynch style, trying to predict the next multi-bagger, then you would want to find out more about LEAPS® and why I consider them to be a great option for investing in the next Microsoft®. [Read on. ]

Effect of Dividends on Option Pricing

Cash dividends issued by stocks have big impact on their option prices. This is because the underlying stock price is expected to drop by the dividend amount on the ex-dividend date. [Read on. ]

Bull Call Spread: An Alternative to the Covered Call

As an alternative to writing covered calls, one can enter a bull call spread for a similar profit potential but with significantly less capital requirement. In place of holding the underlying stock in the covered call strategy, the alternative. [Read on. ]

Dividend Capture using Covered Calls

Some stocks pay generous dividends every quarter. You qualify for the dividend if you are holding on the shares before the ex-dividend date. [Read on. ]

Leverage using Calls, Not Margin Calls

To achieve higher returns in the stock market, besides doing more homework on the companies you wish to buy, it is often necessary to take on higher risk. A most common way to do that is to buy stocks on margin. [Read on. ]

Day Trading using Options

Day trading options can be a successful, profitable strategy but there are a couple of things you need to know before you use start using options for day trading. [Read on. ]

What is the Put Call Ratio and How to Use It

Learn about the put call ratio, the way it is derived and how it can be used as a contrarian indicator. [Read on. ]

Understanding Put-Call Parity

Put-call parity is an important principle in options pricing first identified by Hans Stoll in his paper, The Relation Between Put and Call Prices, in 1969. It states that the premium of a call option implies a certain fair price for the corresponding put option having the same strike price and expiration date, and vice versa. [Read on. ]

Understanding the Greeks

In options trading, you may notice the use of certain greek alphabets like delta or gamma when describing risks associated with various positions. They are known as “the greeks”. [Read on. ]

Valuing Common Stock using Discounted Cash Flow Analysis

Since the value of stock options depends on the price of the underlying stock, it is useful to calculate the fair value of the stock by using a technique known as discounted cash flow. [Read on. ]

Short Futures Position

The short futures position is an unlimited profit, unlimited risk position that can be entered by the futures speculator to profit from a fall in the price of the underlying.

The short futures position is also used by a producer to lock in a price of a commodity that he is going to sell in the future. See short hedge.

Short Futures Position Construction
Sell 1 Futures Contract

To create a short futures position, the trader must have enough balance in his account to meet the initial margin requirement for each futures contract he wishes to sell.

Unlimited Profit Potential

There is no maximum profit for the short futures position. The futures trader stands to profit as long as the underlying asset price goes down.

The formula for calculating profit is given below:

  • Maximum Profit = Unlimited
  • Profit Achieved When Market Price of Futures

Unlimited Risk

Heavy losses can occur for the short futures position if the underlying asset price rises dramatically.

The formula for calculating loss is given below:

  • Maximum Loss = Unlimited
  • Loss Occurs When Market Price of Futures > Selling Price of Futures
  • Loss = (Market Price of Futures – Selling Price of Futures) x Contract Size + Commissions Paid

Breakeven Point(s)

The underlier price at which break-even is achieved for the short futures position position can be calculated using the following formula.

  • Breakeven Point = Selling Price of Futures Contract

Example

Suppose June Crude Oil futures is trading at $40 and each futures contract covers 1000 barrels of Crude Oil. A futures trader enters a short futures position by selling 1 contract of June Crude Oil futures at $40 a barrel.

Scenario #1: June Crude Oil futures drops to $30

If June Crude Oil futures is trading at $30 on delivery date, then the short futures position will gain $10 per barrel. Since the contract size for Crude Oil futures is 1000 barrels, the trader will net a profit of $10 x 1000 = $10000.

Scenario #2: June Crude Oil futures rises to $50

If June Crude Oil futures instead rallies to $50 on delivery date, then the short futures position will suffer a loss of $10 x 1000 barrel = $10000 in value.

Daily Mark-to-Market & Margin Requirement

The value of a short futures position is marked-to-market daily. Gains are credited and losses are debited from the future trader’s account at the end of each trading day.

If the losses result in margin account balance falling below the required maintenance level, a margin call will be issued by the broker to the futures trader to top up his or her account in order for the futures position to remain open.

Synthetic Short Futures

An equivalent position known as a synthetic short futures position can be constructed using only options.

You May Also Like

Continue Reading.

Buying Straddles into Earnings

Buying straddles is a great way to play earnings. Many a times, stock price gap up or down following the quarterly earnings report but often, the direction of the movement can be unpredictable. For instance, a sell off can occur even though the earnings report is good if investors had expected great results. [Read on. ]

Writing Puts to Purchase Stocks

If you are very bullish on a particular stock for the long term and is looking to purchase the stock but feels that it is slightly overvalued at the moment, then you may want to consider writing put options on the stock as a means to acquire it at a discount. [Read on. ]

What are Binary Options and How to Trade Them?

Also known as digital options, binary options belong to a special class of exotic options in which the option trader speculate purely on the direction of the underlying within a relatively short period of time. [Read on. ]

Investing in Growth Stocks using LEAPS® options

If you are investing the Peter Lynch style, trying to predict the next multi-bagger, then you would want to find out more about LEAPS® and why I consider them to be a great option for investing in the next Microsoft®. [Read on. ]

Effect of Dividends on Option Pricing

Cash dividends issued by stocks have big impact on their option prices. This is because the underlying stock price is expected to drop by the dividend amount on the ex-dividend date. [Read on. ]

Bull Call Spread: An Alternative to the Covered Call

As an alternative to writing covered calls, one can enter a bull call spread for a similar profit potential but with significantly less capital requirement. In place of holding the underlying stock in the covered call strategy, the alternative. [Read on. ]

Dividend Capture using Covered Calls

Some stocks pay generous dividends every quarter. You qualify for the dividend if you are holding on the shares before the ex-dividend date. [Read on. ]

Leverage using Calls, Not Margin Calls

To achieve higher returns in the stock market, besides doing more homework on the companies you wish to buy, it is often necessary to take on higher risk. A most common way to do that is to buy stocks on margin. [Read on. ]

Day Trading using Options

Day trading options can be a successful, profitable strategy but there are a couple of things you need to know before you use start using options for day trading. [Read on. ]

What is the Put Call Ratio and How to Use It

Learn about the put call ratio, the way it is derived and how it can be used as a contrarian indicator. [Read on. ]

Understanding Put-Call Parity

Put-call parity is an important principle in options pricing first identified by Hans Stoll in his paper, The Relation Between Put and Call Prices, in 1969. It states that the premium of a call option implies a certain fair price for the corresponding put option having the same strike price and expiration date, and vice versa. [Read on. ]

Understanding the Greeks

In options trading, you may notice the use of certain greek alphabets like delta or gamma when describing risks associated with various positions. They are known as “the greeks”. [Read on. ]

Valuing Common Stock using Discounted Cash Flow Analysis

Since the value of stock options depends on the price of the underlying stock, it is useful to calculate the fair value of the stock by using a technique known as discounted cash flow. [Read on. ]

Best Binary Options Brokers 2020:
  • Binarium
    Binarium

    The Best Binary Options Broker 2020!
    Perfect For Beginners!
    Free Trading Education, Free Demo Account!
    Get Your Sing-Up Bonus Now!

  • Binomo
    Binomo

    Good Broker. Only For Experienced Traders!

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